Skip to Main Content
This Is Auburn Auburn University Libraries LibGuides


Journal of Wildlife Management Citation Style

In this course, you will follow the citation style of the Journal of Wildlife Management. This citation style is commonly used by wildlife biologists and other natural resource professionals. This guide provides sample citations for a variety of source types. You can find additional examples online by consulting the journal itself and the instructions to authors. 

IMPORTANT NOTE: All entries should have hanging indents! Unfortunately, I'm not able to create them on this website...

Basic Rules of JWM Format

Certain rules that apply to all JWM citations in your reference list:

  • Reference lists are alphabetized by the authors' last names.
  • Format each entry in your reference list using a hanging indent
  • Most titles (article titles, chapter titles, web page titles, or book titles) should be written with the first letter of the first word capitalized, and all subsequent words should be written in lower case (with the exception of proper nouns).  
  • Journal titles should be written with every major word capitalized.  

EXAMPLE: Journal of Wildlife Management

  • Do not italicize or use quotes around titles.

Technical Reports

Technical Report with Individual Authors

Millsap, B. A., E. R. Bjerre, C. M. Otto, G. S. Zimmerman, and N. L. Zimpfer. 2016. Population demographics and estimation of sustainable take in the United States, 2016 update. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., USA.

Technical Report with Agency Author

Working Group on Diversity in the Biomedical Research Workforce (US). 2012. Draft report diversity in the biomedical research workforce [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); [cited 2013 Sep 12]. Available from

Other Types of Information

Conference Proceedings (entire volume)

DeGraaff, R. M., technical coordinator. 1978. Proceedings of workshop on management of southern forests for nongame birds. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14, Washington, D.C., USA.

McAninch, J. B. 1995. Urban deer: a manageable resource? Proceedings of the symposium of the 55th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference. North Central Section of The Wildlife Society, 12–14 December 1993, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Conference Proceedings (individual author)

Dickson, J. G. 1978. Forest bird communities of the bottomland hardwoods. Pages 66–73 in Proceedings of workshop on management of southern forests for nongame birds. R. M. DeGraaf, technical coordinator. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14, Washington, D.C., USA.

Dissertation or Thesis

Tacha, T. C. 1981. Behavior and taxonomy of sandhill cranes from mid-continental North 83 America. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, USA.


Environmental health facilities, Cincinnati, Ohio [demographic map]. [Washington (DC): Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (US), Public Health Service; [1964]. 1 sheet: black & white, 12 x 15 in. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; WA11 AA1.C25 no. 17.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Cartographer. Cahaba River Natural Refuge. Map. 1:24,000. 2009. Web. 5 May 2010.

“City, State Abbreviation.” MapGoogle Maps. Google, 15 May 2008. Web. 15 May 2008. 


Kranstauber, B., M. Smolla, and A. Scharf. 2018. move: visualizing and analyzing animal track data. R package. Accessed 15 Nov 2018.

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles

Journal Article

Miller, M. R. 1986. Molt chronology of northern pintails in California. Journal of Wildlife Management 50:57–64.

Steigers, W. D., Jr., and J. T. Flinders. 1980. A breakaway expandable collar for cervids. Journal of Mammalogy 61:150–152.

Online-only journal

Herring, G., C. A. Eagles‐Smith, J. A. Buck, A. E. Shiel, C. R. Vennum, C. Emery, B. Johnson, D. Leal, J. A. Heath, B. M. Dudek, et al. 2020. The lead (Pb) lining of agriculture‐related subsidies: enhanced golden eagle growth rates tempered by Pb exposure. Ecosphere 11:e03006.

Manuscripts in press

Giudice, J. H., and J. T. Ratti. In press. Biodiversity of wetland ecosystems: review of status and knowledge gaps. Bioscience.



McCullough, D. R. 1979. The George Reserve deer herd: population ecology of a K-selected species. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Book chapter

Zeleny, L. 1978. Nesting box programs for bluebirds and other passerines. Pages 55–60 in S. A. Temple, editor. Endangered birds: management techniques for preserving threatened species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, USA.

Book chapter in edited book

Miller, K. V., and L. Marchinton. 1995. Quality whitetails: the why and how of quality deer management. Stackpole, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

Book editor as author

Temple, S. A., editor. 1978. Endangered birds: management techniques for preserving threatened species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, USA.

More than one volume

Palmer, R. S. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. Volume 2. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Webpage (with author)

Trafton A. 2011 Mar 23. In vivo systems biology: using computer models, systems biologists can predict complicated behavior of cells in living animals. MIT News. []. Accessed 28 Feb 2017.

Webpage (no author)

Council of Biology Editors [CBE]. 1999. CBE homepage []. Accessed 7 Oct 1999

Other Periodicals


Jones-Jolma, D. 1993. The fight to reform trapping in Arizona. Animals’ Agenda. March– April:20–24.


Associated Press. 1997. Feathers could fly over dove hunting. Columbus Dispatch. 28 December 1997; section E:15.

Eisler, P. 1996. Voters to get a shot at hunting laws. USA Today. 25 April 1996; section A:4.