Uploading your work to AUrora ensures it will be indexed, shared, maintained and preserved – long after Academia.edu, ResearchGate, and Mendeley are gone!
Green Open Access is the practice of publishing an article as you normally would in a traditional journal and posting a copy of your article in an institutional repository such as AUrora. It’s a popular option for those who can’t pay open access fees, but it has several caveats: embargo periods, the terms of your publishing agreement, and the inability to upload the publisher’s pdf of your article. In this chapter, we’ll provide some tools and guidance to deal with these caveats.
Aurora is the institutional repository for Auburn University. Some of the goals of AUrora (and other institutional repositories) are to:
AUrora contains articles, theses, dissertations, book chapters, open educational resources, slide decks, conference proceedings, and more. There are over 3700 similar repositories around the world (3778 as of this writing).
You may be thinking, “This is not efficient. People don’t want to search for scholarly content in all these different repositories.” Well, you’re right – nobody has time for that! But it’s not any single institutional repository (IR) that makes depositing work there compelling and powerful. What makes IRs powerful is their interoperability, interconnectedness, and the protocols they use to make the content harvestable by Google, Google Scholar, SHARE, DPLA and others. This means that people don’t have to come to AUrora to discover your work. They simply have to search Google, Google Scholar, or use one of the many other tools that rely on IR protocols. The items you deposit in AUrora become more findable by others, and – as we learned in the last two chapters – more findable often means more citable!
For this chapter, you’re going to upload three articles (or any other scholarly work you want to share) to AUrora. But remember those caveats from above?
We can often address them by using the popular tool SHERPA/RoMEO, a site that helps you find a summary of permissions that are normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement.
Publishers (and SHERPA/RoMEO) make distinctions between three versions of a manuscript when detailing the deposit rights retained by authors: the pre-print, the post-print and the publishers version. It’s important to understand the difference:
Let’s walk through three different examples of using SHERPA/RoMEO: First, let’s say we had an article published in Journal of Economic History. Enter the title of the journal in the search box, and notice you can enter the exact title, the ISSN, or – if you’re unsure of the title of the journal – you can select “starts with” or “contains.”
SHERPA/RoMEO returns this page for The Journal of Economic History:
SHERPA/RoMEO color codes journals either green, blue, yellow, or white, but it’s critical to actually read the terms and conditions for each journal entry in SHERPA/Romeo.
So for Journal of Economic History, we see the following:
With these general conditions:
What this means: the author of this work can upload their pre-print or their post-print to AUrora. We recommend uploading the post-print in this case, since the content will be the same as the version of record.
This is important, because the publisher’s version of this article is behind a paywall. When the author of this article uploads their post-print to AUrora, they will point to the publisher’s version of the article (as we’ll demonstrate in a moment). If someone searching for this article has access to Journal of Economic History through a library or personal subscription, they will have no problem reading the article. But if they do not have access, they will be charged $25.00 to read it. When the author uploads the post-print to AUrora, the content will be available for free to those who do not have a journal subscription.
Let’s look at another example: one with an embargo. In the example below, we looked up the journal Business Horizons:
Take a look at the permissions granted to authors who publish in this journal:
With these general conditions:
If your article was published in the Business Horizons three years ago, you are able to upload the post-print of your article to AUrora now. You must also upload the post-print to AUrora with a specific license. We’ll cover licensing in Chapter 16, and you can always contact your liaison librarian to get assistance with this.
In our third example, we’re going to look at a more restrictive journal, Chemical Reviews:
By reading the policies and conditions, we can tell:
In this case, authors who publish in Chemical Reviews are unable to upload their work to AUrora at all.
Before we move on, take some time to:
Now that you have a few articles to upload (and the post-prints associated with them), you’re going to want to have a few other items handy:
1. Navigate to AUrora at aurora.auburn.edu and select “Login” under “My Account” on the right side of the screen. You’ll be asked for your AU login and password associated . If you accidentally select the Admin login you will receive an error message.
2. Once you’re logged in you’ll be back at AUrora’s home page. Select 'Submissions' on the right side of the page.
3. Next, click 'start a new submission'.
4. Use the drop-down menu to choose the appropriate collection for your submission and click next.
5. Follow the steps on the input form. AUrora will ask you for:
Click “Next” when you’ve submitted all the information into the form.
6. Embargo and Access Settings: When you checked SHERPA/RoMEO, did you discover that the publisher had placed an embargo on your article? If not, skip ahead to the next section by hitting “Next.” If so, you’ll need to follow the publisher’s restrictions and enter information into this page.
Even if your work is still under an embargo, AUrora can keep it hidden until any date in the future.
7. File Upload: Navigate to the file you want to upload, and select “Choose File.” AUrora will not let you proceed without uploading a file. You can start a submission and return to it later, but you will not be able to move forward without a file. You may also want to rename your file so that when people download it they’re able to make sense of it.
A few good file naming conventions are:
The way you name your file will be what the person who downloads it sees, so try to help them out! Names like “wordfile.doc” or “downloadedfile.pdf” aren’t extremely meaningful.
And yes, you will need to again indicate if you want your file to be embargoed.
8. Review Your Submission: The next screen will allow you to review your submission and make any corrections to it.
9. License Your Work: What’s important to know here is that if you signed a publication agreement with the journal, you probably do not have the right to license your work (see the previous chapter on Author Rights for an explanation). But some journals require you to put a Creative Commons (CC) license on your work, even though you no longer are the copyright holder.
So take a close look at the SHERPA/RoMEO policies for your journal. Do the guidelines say something like “Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License?” If so you can select “I already know which Creative Commons license I want to apply,” and you’ll be presented with a list. In this case, the publisher is requiring you to license the work with a CC BY-NC-ND license.
If you’re uploading an item for which you still retain copyrights, you have the option of selecting the CC license that works best for you. If you’re already familiar with Creative Commons licensing, you’ll either select “I already know which Creative Commons license I want to apply” or “I want to use the Creative Commons license chooser.” In any case, you’ll be asked to confirm your choice of license.
Finally, you can select to not apply a Creative Commons license at all.
10. One Last Step: You’re almost done! The last step in the process is to give Auburn University permission to display the work. Read through the Distribution License, but know that we cannot display your work (or migrate it for preservation purposes) unless you grant us the license to do so. Check the box, “I Grant the License,” and then select “Complete Submission,” and YOU’RE DONE!
An AUrora administrator will give your submission a quick once-over for quality control. We do not review for quality; you (or peer reviewers) have already done that. If you’re uploading to AUrora, it’s obvious you want to share it with the world. We restrict that as little as possible.
Instead, we will make sure that we have the rights to actually display the work – that any copyrighted material you’ve used is actually okay to use. We make sure your work lands in the right collection. We make sure all the t’s are crossed and i’s are dotted. We enhance the metadata, if we think it would be helpful. We double check that embargoes, if any, are applied correctly.
Once we’ve done that, you’ll receive an email letting you know your submission has been accepted, and we’ll provide you with a permanent URL for the item. So you can then share your work with the world and have confidence that the URL will be stable forever!
Homework this week is easy, if you’ve made it this far. You hopefully just uploaded one item to AUrora. Now just upload two more. And make a plan to put AUrora in your manuscript submission workflow in the future so that you don’t have to dig around for your post-prints or pre-prints!
But even easier: we will do your homework for you. AU Libraries offers a CV review and upload service. If you send your C.V. to your liaison librarian, along with an email that helps them contact you, we’ll do all this work for you – we’ll look up the policies of the journals where you’ve published, and we’ll upload whatever version we can (assuming you give them to us). This may take several weeks, but we know how busy faculty members are, and we think it’s important enough to make time to do it!