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Information about Practicing EBP
PICO for Clinical Questions
Healthcare professionals sometimes use the PICO or PICOT format to develop keywords for searching of clinical questions where:
P - Patient or Population
I - Intervention
C - Comparison
O - Outcome
T - Time (sometimes included)
For more information about forming and using a PICO question to search, please see the American Journal of Nursing article below.
How to Read a Paper by
Publication Date: 2010-08-06
Electronic book which describes the different types of clinical research reporting, and explains how to critically appraise the publications.
Critical Appraisal Skills Programme
Downloadable checklists to appraise types of evidence including RCTs, systematic reviews, cohort and case-control studies, qualitative research, economic evaluations, diagnostic tests and clinical predication rules.
Print and Electronic Books
Searching Licensed Resources for Clinical Evidence
Cochrane Library This link opens in a new windowSystematic reviews to inform healthcare decision making
CINAHL This link opens in a new windowThere are several ways to search CINAHL for evidence using the 'Limit Your Results' area (under the search boxes) OR "See More" (on a results page).
1. You can choose 'Evidence Based Practice' for a broad search to find articles from evidence based practice journals, articles about EBP, research articles, and commentaries on research articles.
2. You can choose to limit to Research Articles (all types of research)
3. You can search by clinical area of interest or by type of research by choosing one of the 'Clinical Queries' options.
4. You can search for a specific type of research by choosing a 'Publication Type' (Clinical Trial, Meta Analysis, Practice Guidelines, Randomized Controlled Trial, Systematic Review)
MEDLINE (EBSCO) This link opens in a new windowYou can search for a specific type of article by choosing a 'Publication Type(s)' (Case reports, Clinical Trial, Controlled Clinical Trial, Meta Analysis, Practice Guidelines, Randomized Controlled Trial, Review)
MEDLINE (OVID) This link opens in a new windowTo search for evidence in Ovid Medline, after entering search terms, click on Limits (under search boxes). If Publication Type is not visible, click on Edit Limits. Click the box by Publication Type and then click on Customize Limits. You will be returned to the search page, choose the publication type(s) of interest and Search.
You can choose to search by a clinical area of interest under 'Clinical Queries'. Add and use Clinical Queries by editing limits as above. Provides indexing and abstracts for approximately 5,400 journals covering biomedical and allied health literature. 1949-present.
Searchable Open Access Resources
PubMed Clinical Queries
Specialized PubMed searches designed to connect clinicians to evidence-based literature. Results display available systematic reviews as well as research articles arranged by 5 clinical areas--Etiology, Diagnosis, Prognosis, Clinical Prediction Guidelines, & Therapy.
DARE (Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects)
Focused primarily on systematic reviews that evaluate the effects of health care interventions and the delivery and organization of health services.
The database also includes reviews of the wider determinants of health such as housing, transport, and social care where these impact directly on health, or have the potential to impact on health.
A clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care. Offers the ability to filter by several options including evidence-based synopses, systematic reviews, primary research, and controlled trials.
Epistemonikos is a collaborative, multilingual database of health evidence, a source of systematic reviews relevant for health-decision making, and a large source of other types of scientific evidence.
Health Sciences Librarian