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Systematic Reviews: Other types of reviews

Information about completing a systematic review

Other reviews

There are review types in addition to systematic reviews and meta-analyses. This page lists articles that may be helpful in understanding what types of reviews exist and how to complete various types of reviews.

Articles which discuss multiple types of reviews

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: An analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91–108.

Whittemore, R., Chao, A., Jang, M., Minges, K. E., & Park, C. (2014). Methods for knowledge synthesis: An overview. Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 43(5), 453–461.

Umbrella Reviews (Overview of Reviews)

Aromataris, E., Fernandex, R. S., Godfrey, C., Holly, C., & Khalil, H. (2014).  Methodology for JBI umbrella reviews

Hunt, H., Pollock, A., Campbell, P., Estcourt, L., & Brunton, G. (2018). An introduction to overviews of reviews: Planning a relevant research question and objective for an overview. Systematic Reviews, 7(1), 1–9.

Pollock, M., Fernandes, R. M., Becker, L. A., Featherstone, R., & Hartling, L. (2016). What guidance is available for researchers conducting overviews of reviews of healthcare interventions? A scoping review and qualitative metasummary. Systematic Reviews, 5(1), 1–15.


Integrative Reviews

Whittemore, R., & Knafl, K. (2005). The integrative review: Updated methodology. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52(5), 546–553.

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Scoping Reviews

Munn, Z., Pollock, D., Khalil, H., Alexander, L., Mclnerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., Peters, M.,& Tricco, A. C. (2022). What are scoping reviews? Providing a formal definition of scoping reviews as a type of evidence synthesis. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 20(4), 950-952. 

Tricco, A. C. , Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O'Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D. . . . Straus, S. E. (2018). PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and explanation. Annals of Internal Medicine, 169(7), 467-473.

Anderson, S., Allen, P., Peckham, S., & Goodwin, N. (2008). Asking the right questions: Scoping studies in the commissioning of research on the organisation and delivery of health services. Health Research Policy and Systems, 6(1), 7.

Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32.

Cacchione, P. Z. (2016). The evolving methodology of scoping reviews. Clinical Nursing Research, 25(2), 115–119.

Colquhoun, H. L., Levac, D., O’Brien, K. K., Straus, S., Tricco, A. C., Perrier, L., … Moher, D. (2014). Scoping reviews: Time for clarity in definition, methods, and reporting. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(12), 1291–1294.

The Joanna Briggs Institute. (2015). Joanna Briggs Institute reviewers’ manual: 2015 edition: Methodology for JBI scoping reviews. Retrieved from

Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O’Brien, K., Colquhoun, H., Kastner, M., … Straus, S. E. (2016). A scoping review on the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16(1), 15.

Rapid Reviews

Dobbins, M. (2017). Rapid review guidebook Steps for conducting a rapid review, 25.

Ganann, R., Ciliska, D., & Thomas, H. (2010). Expediting systematic reviews: Methods and implications of rapid reviews. Implementation Science, 5(1), 1–10.

Tricco, A. C., Langlois, E. V, & Straus, S. E. (2017). Rapid reviews to strengthen health policy and systems: A practical guide.